The campaign took place between the 12th September and 14th October. Both Epigravettian (Upper Palaeolithic) and Mousterian (Middle Palaeolithic) levels were investigated.
Two areas of the Epigravettian deposit were investigated: – In the north sector (external area) the removal of spit IVof US 356 continued (large mass of lithic working waste belonging to the lower part of the Epigravettian series). In quadrants 64-65 where US 356 was covered by substantial concretions, where it was not possible to remove the finds individually, excavation was undertaken by squares. The removal of US 356 in this zone revealed two new layers, one with abundant flints (US 373), the other characterised by a skeleton rich in clasts (US 374). Work began on uncovering the V spit of the same US with the removal, by 20 cm squares, of the sediment on which spit IV rested, starting from the quadrants next to the trench (QQ. 21, 22, 36, 37, 38 e 52).
- In the outermost corridor, between the collapsed rock and the section, excavation of US 366 continued. This layer comprised a concretionary mass of platforms/flint working residue, mainly Scaglia Variegata type SV3, rapidly deposited within US 365 (collapsed material from the rock face in a loess matrix). Excavation continued of spit III of US 365 in quadrants 64-65 e 79-80. During the next campaign one of the main aims will be to clarify the relationships between the US 365 III, 356, 373 and 374.
- In the north sector (internal area) excavation resumed of the strip of quadrants along the line of the shelter’s maximum projection (QQ. 23, 38, 53, 68, 83), removing residual patches of a series of layers already identified and excavated in the internal area during the 1980s and 90s. These comprised a series of silty-ash layers containing flints and bone, interpretable as an occupation surfaces (US 13 internal, 367, 368, 369, 300), accumulations of waste from working (US 358) and dumps of ash emptied from the hearths (US 367). Part of a combustion structure/dump of combustion residue was identified, which continued within the north section (US 308). At the end of the campaign two layers attributable to the basal part of the Epigravettian series (UUSS 301 and 359) were uncovered. As well as being present in these quadrants, they extended into the adjacent squares towards the shelter’s interior (QQ. 24, 39, 54, 69 e 84).
As regards the Mousterian (Middle Palaeolithic) deposits, the excavation involved the interior area with particular attention to the quadrants by the rock face (QQ. 42, 57, 72 e 87). Work begun in 2010 continued with the removal of US 35 α in the latter quadrants and US 810 in quadrant 72 squares 3, 5, 6. The sediment was increasingly clayey with a varying silt-sand content. The underlying US 36 was exposed. All of these levels contained jumbled-together Moustarian and Epigravettian material, attesting the heavy disturbance of the upper part of the Mousterian sequence in this sector.
- Antonio Guerreschi - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Federica Fontana - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Laura Falceri - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Davide Visentin - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanisitici
- Anna Casini - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Carlo Peretto - Università degli Studi di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Ursula Thun Hohenstein - Università di Ferrara - Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
- Luca Trombino - Università di Milano - Dipartimento di "Scienze della Terra"
- Maria Giovanna Cremona - Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Biologia ed Evoluzione
- Marta Arzarello - Università degli Studi di Ferrara
- Università degli Studi di Ferrara
- Comune di Grezzana
- Regione Veneto
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