The aim of our project is to document and study Insula V 1 bordering against two of the most important arteries of the town. To broaden the accessibility of our work, the intension is to publish all the material in an open access base accessed through the project’s web-site: pompejiprojektet.se/insula.php.
Mainly through the study of the standing structures, we have been able to establish the chronological framework for the development of the block. The material record reveals that in Insula 1, the step from sporadic building to comprehensive urban construction occurred in the middle of the 2nd century BC. Investigation of the architectural remains indicates that urbanization advanced from the south towards north, beginning with the property facing Via di Nola. Later development in the block shows a merging of properties into larger houses as well as an increased number of shops. This growth seems to have gone hand-in-hand with municipal innovations and improvements in the infrastructure from 80 BC and forth: the stone paving of Via Vesuvio and the aqueduct. Traces of the earthquake in AD 62 vary from property to property. They are seen most clearly in the Casa di Caecilius Iucundus, which provided several exceptional finds (found in 1875), for example, the famous shop archives whose entries stop in just that year, and the altar relief which shows damaged architecture in Pompeii\‘s forum.
The large area under investigation in the project permits us to employ an approach based on quantitative and comparative study, which in turn allow us both to use and to take directions beyond the traditional methods in Pompeian research, namely, chronology, decoration and architectural history. One important result is the discovery of material evidence that permits us to follow social dependencies through time. Another concerns the relationship between the nature of private space and the expansion of the municipal infrastructures such as streets and water distribution.
Knowledge gained from our work in the northern part of the block allowed us to direct the investigations towards specific results in the southern part. In the original urbanization phase a series of different types of domestic buildings was erected here: a large house, a smaller one and several shops. They were all constructed on the same foundation and should thus be seen as a part of the same initiative. The system of water pipes was laid much later but the fact that it was shared by the buildings indicates a continued communalism over time. Excess water from the fountains and pools of the stately dwelling were recycled to neighboring workshops. In the town’s last period the full row of shops and workshops was given a thorough modernization, including well-built sanitary installations in some.
The find of early Bronze Age levels and a contemporaneous ash layer witnessing a volcanic eruption was the unexpected outcome of the clearing of a well. It was followed by a deep dig into Vicolo delle Nozze d’Argento.
- Anne-Marie Leander Touati - University of Lund
- Susanna Blåndman
- Carin Pettersson - Università di Gothenburgo
- Richard Holmgren
- Arja Karivieri - Università di Stoccolma
- Henrik Boman
- Margareta Staub Gierow - University of Freiburg
- Mark Robinson - University of Oxford
- Monika Nilsson - Swedish Institute at Athens
- Renée Forsell - Università di Stoccolma
- Thomas Staub - University of Stockholm
- Mats Holmlund
- Carola Liebe-Harkort
- Hans Thorwid - Museo Nazionale di Stoccolma
- Ezequiel M. Pinto-Guillaume - University of Provence, France
- Emanuel Savini - Università di Stoccolma
- Istituto Svedese di Studi Classici a Roma
- University of Lund
- Fondazione Famiglia Rausing
- The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation
- The Gunvor and Josef Anér Foundation
- The Harald Hagendahl Foundation
- The Henrik Granholm Foundation
- The Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
- The Swedish Institute at Rome
- The Swedish Royal Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (Gihls fund)
- the Torsten and Ragnar Söderberg Foundation
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