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  • Sacello VIII 4, 24
  • Pompei
  • Pompeii

    Credits

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    Monuments

    Periods

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    Chronology

    • 300 BC - 100 AD

    Season

      • _Sacellum_ VIII 4, 24, facing directly onto the Via Stabiana, is part of a complex divided into a series of _tabernae tabulatae_, datable to within the 2nd century B.C. Seemingly planned as a single unit, it may be suggested that its construction was financed by a single individual. This structure, generally interpreted as the _Sacellum_ of the _Lares Compitales_, was originally connected to the rear entrance of the _domus Cornelia_ via a blocked opening, and was very similar to contemporary niche-altar structures built up against the facades of houses in other zones of the city. The parts relating to cult practices consist of a central altar with successive wall re-facing within which were two cavities containing votive deposits, a bench along the south side and a niche to the north. The present layout of the _sacellum_ dates to the mid 2nd century B.C.; in the floor deposit the precise ritual which consecrated the area was attested by the presence of several small votive pits; large holes for the dumping of material connected to the cult were found along the walls of the structure. The two lower floor levels probably relate to an earlier phase of the sacellum (end of the 3rd-beginning of the 2nd century B.C.), to which it is likely that a tufa altar found in the excavation also belonged. From the analysis of the deposits and the votive offerings it is possible to suggest that the sacellum was dedicated to the divinity Vulcan, in connection with the family _Lares_ of the _gens_ of the owners of the _domus_ and the _tabernae_, two of which have been identified as a metal working establishment and a _negotiator aerarius_ e _ferrarius_. In fact, it may be presumed that the production and sale of metals were the specific interest of the gens and that the cult dedicated to the patron of blacksmiths would have been situated in a quarter dedicated to metalworking. Therefore, the sacellum may be interpreted as the seat ( _schola_ ) of a religious association, supported by the members of the family.

    FOLD&R

      • Lara Anniboletti. 2008. Il sacello VIII 4, 24: un culto collegiale a Pompei. FOLD&R Italy: 104.

    Bibliography

      • L. Anniboletti, 2008, Aspetti del culto domestico di epoca tardo-sannitica: i sacelli sulle facciate di abitazioni pompeiane, in P.G. Guzzo-M.P. Guidobaldi (a cura di), Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell’area vesuviana (scavi 2003-2006), Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Roma 1-3 febbraio 2007, Roma: 209-222.
      • L. Anniboletti, c.s., Gli scavi presso il marciapiede delle abitazioni, in F. Coarelli, Progetto Regio VI: “I primi secoli di Pompei”- Campagna di scavo 2006 - Le ricerche dell’Università degli Studi di Perugia, in Rivista di Studi Pompeiani 18.
      • L. Anniboletti, 2007, Testimonianze preromane del culto domestico a Pompei: i compita vicinalia sulla facciata di abitazioni, in www. fastionline.org/docs/ FOLDER-it-2007-83.pdf.
      • C. Dall'Armellina, T. Mastracci, 2006, La domus Cornelia a Pompei (Regio VIII, insula 4, 15), in Daidalos - Supplementi, 2- Viterbo.
      • L. Anniboletti, 2005, Progetto Regio VI. Sacello del Vicolo di Narciso (VI 2, 16-2), poster in P.G. Guzzo-M.P. Guidobaldi (a cura di), Nuove ricerche archeologiche a Pompei ed Ercolano, Atti del Convegno Internazionale, Roma 28-30 Novembre 2002, British School, Studi della Soprintendenza Archeologica di Pompei, vol. 10, Napoli: 381-382.
      • L. Anniboletti, 2007, Testimonianze preromane del culto domestico a Pompei: i compita vicinalia sulla facciata di abitazioni, in www.fastionline.org/docs/FOLDER-it-2007-83.pdf.
      • L. Anniboletti, V. Befani, R. Cassetta, C. Costantino, M. Antolini, T. Cinaglia, P. Leone, R. Proietti, Pompei: Progetto “Regio VI”- I primi secoli di Pompei - Aggiornamento 2007, in www. fastionline.org/docs/ FOLDER-it-2007-84.pdf.
      • F. Coarelli, F. Pesando, Pompei: Progetto Regio VI. Aggiornamento 2005, in www. fastionline.org/docs/ FOLDER-it-2006-54.pdf.
      • L. Anniboletti, c.s., Compita vicinalia a Pompei: testimonianze del culto, in Vesuviana 1, Napoli.