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Archaeological Survey


    • "The aims of the JHF regional prject are to clarify the social implications of early ore procurement and metallurgy from the Neolithic Period through the Iron Age. Using the JHF region as the basic unit of analysis and anthropological theory the fieldwork has included large-scale excavations and surveys providing primary data concerning ore procurement and changing pyrotechnologies relating to evolving economies." Levy and Anderson p. 3

    Project Dates

    • 1997 - 2004


    • No period data has been added yet
    • 9900 BC
    • 7500 BC
    • 5500 BC
    • 4500 BC
    • 3600 BC
    • 3300 BC
    • 1200 BC
    • 1000 BC
    • 586 BC

    Survey Method

    • [ed]
    • [view]
    • digital surveying

    Other Comments

    • magnetometry, ground penetrating radar, and electromagnetic induction (EMI).
    • What was the regional extent of copper ore use? Were ores acquired by inhabitants of other sites by long distance procurement or exchange? What was the nature of the traded materials? Did local inhabitants control access to these goods as early as the PPNB or not? How was trade and exchange of ores and metal organized through time? What was the role of the Jabal Hamrat Fidan sites at the ‘gateway’ to the Faynan copper district? Was copper ore heat-treated before the spread of extractive metallurgy in the fourth millennium? Did developments in pyro-technology contribute to the beginnings of metallurgy in the Faynan district? What was the structure of local versus outside control of metallurgy (both resource extraction and metal production)?

    Research Institution

    • [ed]
    • [view]


    • Director